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Annual Drinking Water Quality Report for Calendar Year 2017

Chapin Water System, IL1370050

 

This report is intended to provide you with important information about your drinking water and the efforts made by the water system to provide safe drinking water.  This report includes drinking water facts, information on violations (if applicable), and contaminants detected in your drinking water supply during calendar year 2017.  Each year, we will provide you a new report.  If you need help understanding this report or have general questions, please contact the person listed below.

Este informe contiene información muy importante sobre el agua que usted bebe. Tradúzcalo ó hable con alguien que lo entienda bien.

Contact Name: Ronnie Upchurch
Telephone Number: (217) 472-3111
E-mail: chapinwtp@gmail.com
 
Sources of Drinking Water

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and groundwater wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Our source of water comes from Purchased Ground Water Under Direct Influence of Surface Water.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include: Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife. Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming. Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses. Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems. Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.


Other Facts about Drinking Water

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791. 

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).


If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.  Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing.  We cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components.  When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using the water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://epa.gov/safewater/lead


Meeting Location


The Village of Chapin holds monthly meetings at the Village Hall, 510 Everett Street, Chapin, Illinois 62628 on the 2nd Wednesday of each month at 7:00 pm. 

Source Water Assessments

Source water protection (SWP) is a proactive approach to protecting our critical sources of public water supply and assuring that the best source of water is being utilized to serve the public. It involves implementation of pollution prevention practices to protect the water quality in a watershed or wellhead protection area serving a public water supply. Along with treatment, it establishes a multi-barrier approach to assuring clean and safe drinking water to the citizens of Illinois.  The Illinois EPA has implemented a source water assessment program (SWAP) to assist with wellhead and watershed protection of public drinking water supplies.  The Chapin Water System source water assessment has been completed by the Illinois EPA.  For a copy of this assessment, please contact Steve Edwards (217) 435-2527 or stop by the Village Hall.  To view a summary version of the completed Source Water Assessments, to include: Importance of Source Water; Susceptibility to Contamination Determination; and documentation/recommendation of Source Water Protection Efforts, you can access the Illinois EPA website at http://www.epa.state.il.us/cgi-bin/wp/swap-fact-sheets.pl .

Source of Water: Jacksonville Raw Water Transmission Line; FF IL1370200 TP01; GU; Report Status Good
Type of Water Source:  Ranney Collector Well, located at Naples, Illinois, Ground Water Under Direct Influence of Surface Water. 

Other Water Sources:  Primary- Two gravel pack drilled wells located at Naples, Illinois, Groundwater; Secondary- Lake Mauvaisteere and Lake Jacksonville, Surface water.

The Illinois EPA considers all surface water sources of community water supply to be susceptible to potential pollution problems; hence, the reason for mandatory treatment for all surface water supplies in Illinois.  These mandatory treatments include: coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.  Causes of pollution to surface water incudes: nutrients, siltation, suspended solids, and organic enrichment.  Primary sources of pollution include agricultural runoff, land disposal (septic systems), and shoreline erosion.  Due to the presence of potential sources of pollution and the unconfined nature of the wells, Illinois EPA considers these wells to be susceptible to contamination. 

 2017 Regulated Contaminants Detected

The next several tables summarize contaminants detected in your drinking water supply.
Here are a few definitions and scientific terms which will help you understand the information in the contaminant detection tables. 

ALG- Action Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known of expected risk to health.  ALGs allow for a margin of safety.


AL- Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Avg- Regulatory compliance with some MCLs is based on running annual average of monthly samples.

MCL- Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the Maximum Contaminant Level Goal as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

MCLG- Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

MRDL- Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level: The highest level of disinfectant allowed in drinking water.

MRDLG- Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal: The level of disinfectant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs allow for a margin of safety.

N/A- Not Applicable

NTU- Nephelometric Turbidity Units

pCi/L- picocuries per liter ( a measure of radioactivity)

ppb- Parts per billion or micrograms per liter (ug/L) - or one ounce in 7,350,000 gallons of water.

ppm- Parts per million or milligrams per liter (mg/L) - or one ounce in 7,350 gallons of water.

TT- Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Lead and Copper
 

CopperDate SampledMCLGAction Level (AL)90th Percentile# Sites Over ALUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Copper09/18/20151.31.31.173ppmNoErosion of natural deposits; Leaching from wood preservatives; Corrosion of household plumbing system.



 


Disinfectants & Disinfection Byproducts

Disinfectants and Disinfection By-ProductsCollection DateHighest Level DetectedRange of Levels DetectedMCLGMCLUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Chlorine12/31/20171.70.21 - 2.23MRDLG = 4MRDL = 4           ppmNoWater additive used to control microbes.
Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)20173019.1 - 40.1No goal for this total60ppbNoBy-product of drinking water disinfection.
Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM)20176248.7 - 67.3No goal for this total80ppbNoBy-product of drinking water disinfection.













Inorganic Contaminants


Inorganic ContaminantsCollection DateHighest Level DetectedRange of Levels DetectedMCLGMCLUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Arsenic08/10/20151.471.47 - 1.47 010ppbNoErosion of natural deposits; Runoff from orchards; Runoff from glass and electronics production wastes.
Barium08/10/20150.0850.085 - 0.08522ppmNoDischarge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits.  
Fluoride08/10/20151.061.06 - 1.0644.0ppmNoErosion of natural deposits; Water additive which promotes strong teeth; Discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories.
Nitrate (measured as Nitrogen)201711.2 - 1.21010ppmNoRunoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits.
Sodium08/10/201533.633.6 - 33.6

ppmNoErosion from naturally occurring deposits; Used in water softener regeneration.  


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Radiological Contaminants


Radiological ContaminantsCollection DateHighest Level DetectedRange of Levels DetectedMCLGMCLUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Combined Radium 226/22801/14/20151.511.51 - 1.5105pCi/LNoErosion of natural deposits.
Gross Alpha (excluding radon and uranium)01/14/20151.81.8 - 1.8015pCi/LNoErosion of natural deposits.


 

 

 
Note: The state requires monitoring of certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently. Therefore, some of this data may be more than one year old.

Turbidity


Turbidity is a measurement of the cloudiness of the water caused by suspended particles. We monitor it because it is a good indicator of water quality and the effectiveness of our filtration system and disinfectants.
 

TurbidityLimit (Treatment Technique)Level DetectedViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Lowest Monthly % Meeting Limit0.3 NTU100%NSoil Runoff
Highest Single Measurement1 NTU0.14 NTUNSoil Runoff





Violations


The following table(s) lists all violations that occurred during 2017.  We included a brief summary of the actions we took following notification of the violation.  The public notice for this violation is included at the end of this report.  If you have any questions regarding this notice please call the Village Hall at (217) 472-3111.


Contaminant or ProgramViolation TypeViolation Duration Start Date - End DateViolation Explanation
ChlorineMonitoring, Routine (DBP), MajorApril 1, 2017 - June 30, 2017We failed to test our drinking water for the contaminant and period indicated. Because of this failure, we cannot be sure of the quality of our drinking water during the period indicated.
Health EffectsNot Applicable
Some people use water containing chlorine well in excess of the MRDL could experience irritating effects to their eyes and nose.  Some people who drink water containing chlorine well in excess of the MRDL could experience stomach discomfort.


 








Actions we took:  Water personnel failed to collect the required bacteriological sample for the June 1-June 30, 2017 monitoring period.  To avoid any future violations of this type, the required number of bacteriological samples will be collected and analyzed during each monitoring testing period.

Contaminant or ProgramViolation TypeViolation Duration Start Date - End DateViolation Explanation
Revised Total Coliform Rule (RTCR)Monitoring, Routine, Major (RTCR)June 1, 2017 - June 30, 2017We failed to test our drinking water for the contaminant and period indicated. Because of this failure, we cannot be sure of the quality of our drinking water during the period indicated.
Health EffectsNot Applicable

 

 




Actions we took: Water personnel failed to collect the required bacteriological sample for the June 1-June 30, 2017 monitoring period.  To avoid any future violations of this type, the required number of bacteriological samples will be collected and analyzed during each monitoring testing period.


Source Water Testing

The Chapin Water System purchases raw water from the City of Jacksonville public water supply.  This water is then treated at our water treatment facility located at the corner of Poplar and Chapin Streets. Per the Consumer Confidence Report regulations, we are required to include pertinent information regarding the quality of the water provided to the Village of Chapin from the Jacksonville water line.  This information is included below. 

City of Jacksonville Public Water Supply
PWS ID# IL1370200


Regulated Contaminants


Coliform Bacteria


MCL-ColiformMCLGHighest Number of PositiveMCL-Fecal Coliform of E-ColiTotal # Positive E-Coli or Fecal Coliform SamplesViolationLikely Source of Contaminant
Monthly Samples0000NoNaturally present in the environment






Lead and Copper (Collection Date 8/8/2017)



Lead Action Level (AL)90th Percentile# Sites Over (AL) MCLGUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contaminant
Lead**15<1.000ug/LNoCorrosion of household plumbing systems;  Erosion of natural deposits
Copper**1.30.005501.3ppmNoErosion of natural deposits; Leaching from wood preservatives; Corrosion of household plumbing systems








**The state requires us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.  Some of our data, though accurate, is more than one year old.


Disinfectants and Disinfection By-Products



Collection DateHighest Level DetectedRange of Levels DetectedMCLGMCLUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Chlorine20171.81.0 - 2.0MRDLG= 4MRDL= 4ppmNoWater additive used to control microbes
Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)2017219.26-19.1No goal for this total60ppbNoBy-product of drinking water disinfection
Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM)20177246.1 - 86.9No goal for this total80ppbNoBy-product of drinking water disinfection











*Not all sample results may have been used for calculating the Highest Level Detected because some results may be part of an evaluation to determine where compliance sampling should occur in the future. 



Inorganic ContaminantsCollection DateHighest Level DetectedRange of Levels DetectedMCLGMCLUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Arsenic2017<1.0<1.0 - <1.0010ppbNoErosion of natural deposits; Runoff from orchards; Runoff from glass or electronics production wastes.
Barium20170.00610.0061 - 0.006122ppmNoDischarge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits.
Fluoride20170.750.610 - 0.75044.0ppmNoErosion of natural deposits; Water additive which promotes strong teeth; Discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories.
Iron20170.0130.013 - 0.01301.0ppmNoThis contaminant is not currently regulated by the USEPA.  However the state regulates.  Erosion of natural deposits.
Nitrate (measured as Nitrogen)201711.1 - 1.11010ppmNoRunoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits.
Sodium20171717 - 17

ppmNoErosion from naturally occurring deposits; Used in water softener regeneration. (Sodium is not currently regulated by the USEPA.  However the state has set a MCL for supplies serving a population of 1,000 or more.)

Radioactive Contaminants

(Untreated Source Water)

Collection DateHighest Level DetectedRange of Levels DetectedMCLGMCLUnitsViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Combined Radium 226/22820171.7780.906 - 1.77805pCi/LNoErosion of natural deposits. 





























Turbidity


Turbidity is a measurement of the cloudiness of the water caused by suspended particles.  We monitor it because it is a good indicator of the
water quality and the effectiveness of our filtration system and disinfectants. 


TurbidityLimit (Treatment Technique)Level DetectedViolationLikely Source of Contamination
Lowest monthly % meeting limit0.3 NTU100%NSoil Runoff.
Highest Single Measurment1 NTU0.048 NTUNSoil Runoff. 



 

Total Organic Carbon

The percentage of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) removal was measured each month and the system met all TOC removal requirements set, unless a TOC violation is noted in the violations section.


We want our valued customers to be informed about their water quality.  If you would like to learn more, please feel welcome to attend any of our regularly scheduled meetings.  The source water assessment for our supply has been completed by the Illinois EPA.  If you would like a copy of this information, please contact Jack Cosner, Superintendent of Operations, at (217) 479-4660.  To view a summary version of the completed Source Water Assessments, to include: Importance of Source Water; Susceptibility to Contamination Determination; and documentation/recommendation of Source Water Protection Efforts, you can access the Illinois EPA website at http://www.epa.state.il.us/cgi-bin/wp/swap-fact-sheets.pl .






PUBLIC NOTICE- IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR DRINKING WATER
Monitoring Requirements Not Met for the Village of Chapin Public Water Supply

Our water system experienced a violation of drinking water standards over the past year.  Even though this violation was not an emergency, as our customers, you have a right to know what happened and what we did to correct these situations.

We are required to monitor your drinking water for specific contaminants on a regular basis.  Results of regular monitoring are an indicator of whether or not our drinking water meets health standards.  During the June 1-30, 2017 monitoring period for CHLORINE (DBP) and COLIFORM (Revised Total Coliform Rule; RTCR), we failed to collect and submit the required number of bacteriological samples.

WHAT SHOULD I DO?  There is nothing you need to do at this time.

 The table below lists the contaminant we did not properly test for during the violation period, how often we are supposed to sample for CHLORINE (DBP) and RTCR, how many samples we are supposed to take, how many samples we took, when samples should have been taken, and the date on which follow-up samples were (or will be) taken.

CONTAMINANTS:  Chlorine, Monitoring, Routine (DBP), Major and Revised Total Coliform Rule (RTCR) Monitoring, Routine Major (RTCR) 

REQUIRED SAMPLING FREQUENCY: Monthly    

NUMBER OF SAMPLES TAKEN:  0 samples submitted/1 sample required

WHEN SAMPLE SHOULD HAVE BEEN TAKEN:   June 1, 2017-June 30, 2017 monitoring period


WHEN SAMPLES WILL BE TAKEN:  The next routine sample (for Chlorine DBP and RTCR compliance) was due during the July 1-31, 2017 monitoring period.  This sample was collected during this monitoring period.  This sample met compliance for CHLORINE (DBP) and the TOTAL COLIFORM RULE (RTCR)

WHAT HAPPENED?  WHAT IS BEING DONE?  Water personnel failed to collect the required bacteriological sample for the June 1-June 30, 2017 monitoring period. To avoid any future violations of this type, the required number of bacteriological samples will be collected and analyzed during each monitoring testing period.

For more information, please contact Ron Upchurch at 217-472-3111.

Please share this information with all the other people who drink this water, especially those who may not have received this notice directly (for example, people in apartments, nursing homes, schools, and businesses).  You can do this by posting this notice in a public place or distributing copies by hand or mail.

This notice is being provided to you by the Village of Chapin public water supply.     PWS ID#: IL1370050    DATE DISTRIBUTED:  05/01/2018